Powerlifting

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Powerlifting

Powerlifting (English powerlifting; power - the power of + lift - lift) - power sport, the essence of which is to overcome the weight of the most severe burdens in three competitive exercises (which is why sometimes it is called the power triathlon). The competitive movement: squats with a barbell on the shoulders, bench press, deadlift.

In contrast to bodybuilding, appearance and composition of the body of an athlete does not matter. The division of the sportsmen in the competitions is on the weight categories. When he compares performance of sportsmen of the same weight category. At the same indicators of the victory is awarded to the athlete, who has less весом. Rank is the maximum by weight in all three exercises. When comparing athletes of different weight categories can be used formula Wilkes, the Schwarz/Malone (most often used in federations IPA, RPS, XPC) or formula Глоссбреннера (WPC-WPO).

Contents

History

The number of international organizations of powerlifting is constantly growing, but, despite decentralization, which exists in the world powerlifting, the most well-known and popular remains the international Federation of powerlifting (IPF). IPF is the only international organization in powerlifting, a member of the world games Association and the General Assembly of international sports federations. In 2004, after a long process of IPF has gained the recognition of IOC and signed the code of WADA; (c 1964 powerlifting included in the program of the Paralympic games as the «heavy lifting», since 1992 - as power lifting. Number of participating countries - 115, in the Paralympic games of 2000 for the first time participated and women.

In Russia powerlifting became an official sport in 1987, when the Federation was formed athleticism of the USSR, the Presidium of which was created the Commission on power triathlon. In 1990 formed an independent Federation of powerlifting of the USSR, a member of the IPF. Today, the Federation of powerlifting of Russia - the only accredited in the country of all the existing organizations of this kind in the Russian Federation.

Lately, more competitions are held on a single movement, powerlifting. Almost all federations were developed additional guidelines for this. Also, for example, in Ukraine one time held separately competitions in the deadlift. In addition,the powerlifting are often include in the program of the sports festival, where he is in some cases it began to play the role of a key type of sport (for example: "Golden tiger", which is the only qualifying tournament, outside the us, the competitions in equipment powerlifting at the super tournament "Arnold Classic").

Equipment in Powerlifting

At this point in powerlifting use the following outfit: bandages on his knees and on the wrists, t-shirt for the bench press, t-shirts for squat and deadlift, overalls for squats, overalls for deadlift and some others. Equipment in powerlifting appeared with the purpose of protection from injury, due to the rigidity of the cloth gave the increase in 5-15 kg in every movement. However, in recent years, manufacturers of equipment for powerlifting so have improved their products, the average increase in each exercise has reached 50 kg, and the maximum reaches 150, in some cases even more. This fact, as well as the total use of doping at the Amateur level in the absence of effective control caused a rapid increase of the norms of powerlifting in the last 10 years.

Powerlifting and IOC

A large number of federations and the rules makes it almost impossible to inclusion of powerlifting in the Olympic games. However, powerlifting - part of the World Games, held under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee. The international Federation of powerlifting (IPF), the holding of international competitions, seeks to standardize them and to include powerlifting in the Olympic games.

Powerlifting Federation

The number of international organizations powerlifting is constantly growing. But, despite decentralization, which exists in the world powerlifting, the most well-known and popular remains the international Federation of powerlifting (International Powerlifting Federation, IPF). IPF is considered to be the only international organization in powerlifting, which is a member of the world games Association and the General Assembly of international sports federations. All other organizations, which are called «international», is not recognized by the world's leading sports organizations, so their status is uncertain from the point of view of the world sports practice.

In 2004, after a long process of IPF has gained the recognition of the IOC. In accordance with the anti-doping policy, pursued by the IOC IPF has signed the code of WADA. These steps, according to experts, are existing activities in the recognition of powerlifting Olympic sport. As at 1 October 2007, members of the IPF steel 108 countries of the world.

International Federation of powerlifting

• International Powerlifting Association (IPA)

• Revolution Powerlifting Syndicate (RPS)

• Xtreme Powerlifting Coalition (XPC)

• International Powerlifting Federation (IPF)

• Global Powerlifting Committee (GPC)

• World Powerlifting Federation (WPF)

• World Drug-Free Powerlifting Federation (WDFPF)

• World Powerlifting Alliance (WPA)

• World Powerlifting Congress (WPC)

• World Association of Bench Pressers and Deadlifters (WABDL)

• European Drug-Free Power Athletics Union

Russian Federation of powerlifting

• NRF - the Federation of powerlifting of Russia

• IPA, RPS, XPC - the national Association of powerlifting

• WPC/AWPC

• RDFPF

• WPA - Russia

• Bogatyr's brotherhood

Ukrainian Federation of powerlifting

• IPF national Federation of powerlifting of Ukraine, FTUU

• UDFPF Ukrainian бездопинговая Federation паэрлифтинга, УБФП

Kazakhstan powerlifting Federation

• Kazakhstan Powerlifting Federation (KPF)

• the Almaty center of force powerlifting centurion Federation WPC/AWPC

• the power centre of the powerlifting Burabay Federation IPF